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"O" terms

"Objective" to "Overexposure"


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OBJECTIVE - An objective (or object lens, object glass, objective lens or photographic objective) is an optical system or device containing a combination of lenses that receive light rays from an object and form an image on the focal plane. A photographic lens is an objective.

OCCLUDE - To block the passage of, as in "to occlude light."

OFF THE FILM METERING - Known also by its initials, OTF metering is an exposure meter reading that measures light reflected from the surface of the film during exposure.

OPACITY - (1) State or quality of being opaque. (2) The degree to which a substance is or may be opaque. (3) The proportion of the light that is absorbed by the emulsion on any given area of the negative.

OPAQUE - (1) Does not transmit light. (2) Coloring used in photography to render parts of a negative opaque.

OPAQUE BODIES - Objects that permit no light to pass through them, but reflect light.

OPEN UP - Increase aperture size or reduce shutter speed to permit more light to reach the film or image sensor.

OPTICAL GLASS - High-quality, color-free glass having specific refractive qualities, used in lenses and other components of optical systems.

OPTICAL ZOOM - A true zoom effect unlike a digital camera's digital zoom. Optical zoom changes the focal length of a lens.

OPTICS - The branch of physical science that deals with the properties and phenomena of both visible and invisible light and with vision.

ORTHOCHROMATIC or "Ortho" - (1) Representing correctly the relations of colors as found in a photographic subject. (2) A photographic emulsion sensitive to all visible colors except red - i.e. an ortho film is sensitive to blue and green light.

OTF - Off the film

OVER-EXPOSE - Expose a photographic emulsion or a digital image sensor to more than light than is necessary for proper exposure.

OVEREXPOSURE - Overexposure occurs when a photograph receives too much light. It results in a loss of resolution (very fine detail), more graininess and less detail in highlight areas. An overexposed negative is very dense resulting in light prints. An overexposed slide or over-exposure with a digital camera displays very light density. Intentional over-exposure or underexposure is known as increasing or decreasing exposure.